Uttar Pradesh

Fatehpur Sikri-Emperor Akbar’s Architectural Legacy

Fatehpur Sikri; Uttar Pradesh;; Buland Darwaza; uasatish;
Buland Daewaza

Fatehpur Sikri  is 36 kn from Agra. It was the capital of Emperor Akbar in the late sixteenth century. He constructed many palaces, mosques and buildings in Fatehpur Sikri which are his architectural legacy.

Fatehpur Sikri' Uttar Pradesh' Mughal Architecture; Jama Majid;
Jama Masjid

History of Fatehpur Sikri

Sikri was the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. The Muslim saint, Salim Chisti, was residing in Sikri. He had told Emperor Akbar that his wish for a heir will come true. Soon afterwards, Prince Salim was born. He would rule the Mughal Empire as Emperor Jehangir.

Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza is the main gateway to Fathepur Sikri. Akbar erected it as a victory arch after his success in the war over Gujarat.  At 54 metres, it is the highest gateway in the world. Red and buff sandstone have been used in the construction. The architectural style has Hindu and Persian influences.

Panch Mahal

"Fatehpur

The design of Panch Mahal is distinctive. The building has five floors. Size of the floors decrease as we go up. Columns with intricate carvings support all the floors. There are no doors or windows.

Lotus Throne of Emperor Akbar

Fatehpur Sikri' Uttar Pradesh' Mughal Architecture; Lotus Throne;
Emperor Akbar’s Lotus Throne

The Lotus Throne is on top of a massive red sandstone column. Thirty six carved brackets support the throne. The emperor used to sit in the centre and his ministers on the four supporting structures.

Fatehpur Sikri' Uttar Pradesh' Mughal Architecture; Palace!
Palace Inside Fatehpur Sikri

Love Story of Salim and Anarkali

Crown Prince Salim fell in love with Anarkali. She was a beautiful dancer in Akbar’s court.  When Akbar came to know of this, he was furious and ordered that Anarkali be entombed alive. But according to legends, the tomb opened to a secret passage through which she escaped and fled the country.

Jodha Bai’s Palace

Fatehpur Sikri' Uttar Pradesh' Mughal Architecture; Jodha Bai's Palace
Jodha Bai’s Palace

Akbar had three wives- Hindu, Christian and Muslim. Jodha Bai was a Rajput princes. Her palace is the largest in the Imperial harem. The gateway on the eastern side is magnificent. There are a number of Hindu motifs in the palace.

Tomb of Islam Khan

Fatehpur Sikri' Uttar Pradesh' Mughal Architecture; Tomb of Islam Khan;
Tomb of Islam Khan

This red sandstone building is the tomb of Islam Khan. It is surmounted by a large dome. Thirty six domed kiosks encircle the dome. Islam Khan was the General of the Mughal Army and grandson of the great Sufi Saint Salim Chisti.

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Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal; Agra; India; Uttar Pradesh; UNESCO World Heritage Site; outdoor; Mughal architecture; uasatish;
Taj Mahal

I was struck by the beauty of Taj Mahal. The large marble dome on top is flanked by two small domes. There are two minarets on either side. The openings on the walls are also symmetric. It is just wonderful.

Palace Inside Fatehpur Sikri

Palace Inside Fatehpur Sikri
Palace Inside Fatehpur Sikri
The image has a number of pillars which lend a feeling of depth. Red sandstone has been used in the construction. The pillars have intricate carvings. To the left is a garden which is in bright sunshine.

Location

The image was captured in Fatehpur Sikri which is 37 km from Agra. It was the capital of the Mughal empire under Akbar from 1571 to 1585. Here there are a number of palaces, courts, harems and other buildings. The buildings are well preserved and serve as fine specimens of Mughal architecture.

Camera Data

The strength of the photo is the great feeling of depth which comes from the composition used. The receding line of pillars create the feeling of distance. The camera used is Sony DSC-W35. Shutter speed used was 1/320 sec at an aperture of f/2.8. Focal length was 6.3 mm.

The photo had made it to Flickr Explore.

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