Mattancherry Palace Museum Kochi – Exotic Murals

Mattancherry Palace; Kochi; museum; Kerala; uasatish;
Mattancherry Palace

Mattancherry Palace was the residence of the Cochin royal family for 200 years. The Portuguese built the palace in 1555. From Ernakulam South railway station, it is 10 km. The palace is now a museum since 1985.

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; Kerala; uasatish;
King of Cochin and His Retinue

History of Mattancherry Palace

Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer, landed in Kappad, Kerala in 1498. The Portuguese Admiral Pedro Cabral visited Kochi in 1500 and the Raja of Kochi gave him permission to carry out trading activities. This was after he signed a friendship treaty with Portugal. In 1503, Alphonso de Albuquerque was given permission by the Raja to build a fort at the mouth of the river. They named it Fort Manuel. The area around the fort is Fort Kochi.

The Portuguese built the palace in 1555 and gifted it to the King of Cochin. They might have done it to gain trade privileges. The Portuguese defended Kochi against several attacks by the Zamorins of Calicut.

Majaraja Kerala Varma; Mattancherry Palace; Kochi; museum; Kerala; uasatish; painting;
Maharaja Kerala Varma

The Dutch wrested power from the Portuguese in 1663. They carried out many renovations and extensions pf the palace. Thereafter the palace came to be known also as the Dutch Palace.

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; Maharaja Rama Varma; Shakthan Thampuran; painting; uasatish;
Maharaja Rama Varm Shakthan Thampuran


Palace Architecture

Construction of the palace is in the traditional nalukettu style of Kerala architecture, with a courtyard in the middle. The courtyard has a shrine of Pazhayannur Bhagavathi, the family deity of the royal family. The palace has European influences in its arches and generous proportions.

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; Kerala; ceremonial palanquin; uasatish;
Ceremonial Palanquin Inlaid With Gems and Ivory

The palace is in two floors, with the lower floor closed to visitors. A steep flight of stairs leads to the upper floor.

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; Kerala; India; royal palanquin;
Enclosed Royal Palanquin


Beautiful Murals

Murals cover the walls in 3 or 4 rooms. The paintings may date back to the sixteenth century. Scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharata appear on the murals. The artists have also shown events from Kalidasa’s masterpiece in Sanskrit, KumarasambhavaThe museum does not allow the murals to be photographed. Visitors can photograph other exhibits, without the use of flash.

Other Exhibits

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; Kerala; Cochin Anchal stamps; uasatish;
Cochin Anchal Stamps

Mattancherry Palace has on display old Cochin Anchal stamps. I have shown here some of them whichh are of 1941-48 vintage.

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; window with seating; Kerala; uasatish;
Window with Seating

The Dutch extensively surveyed the coastal areas of Kerala, particularly of Cochin. The Dutch Archival Library in Netherlands has the maps. Some of the maps are among the exhibits at the museum.

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; Dutch Drawings; Kerala; uasatish;
Dutch Drawings

The big Coronation Hall has life-size paintings of Cochin Rajas from 1864 onwards. I have shown here images of Maharajas Kerala Varma and Rama Varma Shakthan Thampuran.

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; temple pond; Kerala; uasatish;
Temple Pond Near Mattancherry Palace

Also on show are a few palanquins which the Cochin rulers had used. The ceremonial palamquin has inlays of gems and ivory.

Mattancherry Palace; museum; Kochi; Seated Vishnu; Kerala; uasatish;
Mural of Seated Vishnu

Read also: Cultural Melange of Fort Kochi.

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