Kolkata – The City of Joy

Howrah Bridge; Kolkata; India; Hooghly River; sky; uasatish;
Howrah Bridge

The nickname of Kolkata is  City of Joy after Dominique Lapierre‘s 1985 novel of the same name. The city is on the east bank of the Hooghly River.

Howrah Bridge

Across the Hooghly is Howrah Bridge. It was built during World War II and opened to traffic in 1943. Howrah Bridge is the busiest cantilevered bridge in the world. More than 80,000 vehicles pass through it daily. The bridge links Kolkata and Howrah and is the lifeline of the city.

Flower Market; Kolkata; Calcutta; India; outdoor; uasatish;;
Flower Market

Down below the bridge, I found a busy flower market. Bright flowers in different colours were being sold. The flowers will be used mainly for decorations and for pooja.

Famous Temple Dedicated to Goddess Kali

 

Dakshineswar Temple; Kolkata; Calcutta; India; temple; architecture; outdoor; uasatish;
Dakshineswar Temple

Goddess Kali is the principal deity in Dakshineswar Temple. Rani Rahmoni built it in  1847. The temple is famous for its association with Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa who was perhaps the most famous saint of nineteenth century India.

shrine; Rani Rashmoni; Dakshineswar Temple; Kolkata; India; uasatish;
Shrine of Rani Rashmoni

There is a shrine of Rani Rashmoni within the compound of Dakshineswar Temple. Her statue in white marble stands here.

River Hooghly; bridge; Kolkata; outdoor; Calcutta; uasatish; India; water;
Bridge Over the River Hooghly

Dakshineswar Temple stands on the bank of the Hooghly.  Devotees can use the bathing ghat in front of the temple. A bridge has been built across the river.

City Centre of Kolkata

 

Esplanade; Kolkata; Calcutta; India; outdoor; cars; buildings; uasatish;
Esplanade

Esplanade is in the city centre of Kolkata. It is just north of the Maidan and includes Dalhousie Square with its Gothic buildings. Many of the city’s important buildings are located here. The area transports visitors back to a bygone colonial era.

Esplanade; mounted police; Kolkata; Calcutta; outdoor; horses; uasatish; India;
Mounted Police at the Esplanade

The Kolkata Mounted Police started functioning in 1840. The force  controls crowds on the maidan during sporting events and fairs. The unit also takes part in ceremonial parades and mounts guard at Raj Bhavan during VIP visits.

Esplanade; Kolkata; India; outdoor; rickshaw; car; uasatish; policeman; people;
The Esplanade

Hand-Pulled Rickshaws

Tea, cricket, trams, Gothic architecture and  hand-pulled rickshaws were all part of the English way of life in colonial Kolkata. There are reportedly 18,000 rickshaw pullers and 6,000 rickshaws in the city. Travellers can see hand-pulled rickshaws only in Kolkata.

Victoria Memorial

 

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The Memorial commemorates the reign of Queen Victoria on the English throne. It brings together the best of the English and Mughal architecture and makes use of  white Makrana marble. The Prince of Wales laid the foundation stone of Victoria Memorial in 1906. The inauguration was in 1921.

Victoria Memorial is now a museum. It has noteworthy collections of paintings, sculptures, weapons, maps, coins, stamps, artifacts and textiles.

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